Savas, Theodore P.


Savas Pub., Campbell, (California), 1st.ed., 1997. Viii + 215 pp., 26 photo-ills & 3 maps. D.j., 24 x 16cm. FINE. Theodore Savas edits this new American study in which six leading naval writers of the period examine the lives and careers of six German U-boat commanders of World War II. In 1939 Germany knew it could not compete with the Royal Navy in a head-to-head naval war, and, especially after 1941, concentrated its efforts in trying to sink more merchant ships than Britain and her Allies could build. The six U-boat captains are {1} Engelbert Endrass, lost off Gibraltar in 1941. {2} Karl-Friedrich Merten, an ace who played a role in the war’s longest-distance rescue operation. {3} Ralph Kapitsky whose suicidal surface-to-air battle in the Caribbean allowed many other U-boats to escape into the Atlantic. {4} Fritz Guggenberger who sank an aircraft carrier, scuttled his boat off Brazil, and organized the largest POW escape in US history. {5} Victor Oehrn, Donitz’s staff officer until he took command of his own boat. {6} Heinz Eck who made a fateful decision in the Atlantic that earned him execution by a British firing squad for his war crimes.

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