1st.ed., 1999. Xvii + 341 pp., 24 photo-ills & 24 tables. D.j., 23 x 16cm. FINE. The author sets out to describe as vividly as possible what it was like to serve in a U-boat during the Second World War, outlining the character of the U-boat service in the process. He discovers what parts of Germany their officers and crews came from, what occupations they held before the war, their naval careers and tasks onboard, and how many sailors served in German submarines. He also asks the questions : Did they all volunteer ? Did morale remain high throughout the war ? Did the U-boat force gradually deteriorate into a "children's crusade" ? What was the real relationship between the German Navy and National Socialism ? The answers to these and other questions come in the form of questionnaires sent out to over a 1000 veterans plus German archive material.