1st.ed., Secker & Warburg, 1948. Xv + 275 pp., 8 photo-plates & 5 maps. D.j., 22 x 15cm. Boards under dust-jacket lightly stained o/w V.G. In 1945 the Allies captured the German naval archives near Coburg, amounting to 60,000 files, of these the most important were the minutes of Hitler's conferences with his naval commanders-in-chief, the war diaries of the naval staff, naval operational orders, and the personal files of Raeder. The author was Press Officer at the Admiralty from 1945 to 1947 and editor of the Fuehrer Conferences on Naval Affairs published by the Admiralty in 1947. In this book, he traces the rise and fall of the German Navy. In many ways, this is a companion to Major Shulman's celebrated book Defeat in the West. Martienssen covers a wealth of naval subjects including the Battle of the Atlantic, the inside story of the seizure of Norway, German plans to invade Britain (Operation Sealion), the grim defence of Malta, attacks on Russian-bound convoys, German efforts to stem the Italian collapse in 1943, the conspiracy of the 20th July 1944 when Hitler narrowly escaped with his life, and a graphic picture of the eventual decay and disintegration of the German war machine. This post-war study of 1948 examines the relationship between Hitler and his admirals, eagerly read by the British public after the war as it answered many wartime questions.