Leicester University Press, 1st.ed., 1977. (Viii) + 260 pp., 40 photo & other plates, 4 maps, 7 figures, & 51 tables. D.j., 24 x 16cm. FINE. A major study of the development of Cardiff during the 19th century, its economy being narrow-based upon two industries ' coal and steel ' its failure to diversify hampering later commercial development. The town and its population expanded from the docks as coal in particular brought wealth and employment to South Wales. The author examines the growth of Cardiff's urban community and the political and social structure of the town and port between 1870 and the outbreak of the First World War. In 1870 Cardiff docks were heavily congested with deep-sea and coastal sail all clamouring for a berth. Even up to 1914 the same berths were full with tramp ships serving the world with what seemed to be a never-ending demand for Welsh coal, but after 1914, and especially with the coming of peace in 1918, the demand for coal began to fall and Cardiff started to decline as a busy port.