1st ed., 2007. 212 pp., numerous photo-ills., + some maps. D.j., 24 x 16cm. FINE. This book explains the complex sea, land and air operations that took place on and around the Baltic Sea from 1918 to 1945. Immediately after the end of the First World War the British were in action to defend the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania from Russian Communist forces. During World War Two hostilities in the Baltic Sea commenced on 1 September 1939 when the German battleship SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN opened fire on the Polish fortress of Westerplatte and ended on 9 May 1945 with the final evacuation of German refugees from the Hela Peninsula. In the intervening years the battles raged back and forth between the confines of this cold, cruel sea. Also included is the German attack on Poland when Luftwaffe aircraft sank surface vessels and the Polish submarine fleet was ordered to sail to Britain or Sweden, finally ending with the surrender of the garrison at Hela which ended Polish resistance on the Baltic coast.