Rudorff, Raymond.


New York, 1st ed., 1974. 278 pp., plates + 4 maps. D.j., 24 x 16cm. FINE. For the first time in English, the author has reconstructed the full story of Saragossa's epic resistance from contemporary accounts, eye-witness descriptions and official military sources. With practically no fortifications and almost no regular soldiers, Saragossa, one of Spain's poorest and least populated provinces, endured the first of two terrible sieges by the French. After being forced to raise the siege, the French returned in greater numbers and led by some of Napoleon's best generals. But it was a few months later and the entire population had given Saragossa a new line of defence. The French were faced by over 30,000 regular troops and thousands of armed civilians who fought fiercely for 24 long days. The astounding conflict marked the beginning of a new era in modern warfare and a new, frightening phase in Napoleon's career as his soldiers were now faced by a whole people in arms who were prepared to fight to the death. First American Edition.

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