Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, 1st.ed., 1981. Xii + 191 pp., many ills. D.j., 23 x 16cm. FINE. Robert Fulton is best remembered for his steamboats but less-known as a pioneer in naval warfare and the development of the submarine, the mine, and the first steam warship. This is the first study to focus on Fulton’s contribution to naval development. Born into a poor farming family, he began life as a painter and went to London to become a protégé of Benjamin West. In the course of time his interest shifted from art to engineering and he was fascinated by canal development in Europe and moved to Paris to take part in such a project. There he began working on a submarine and conceived and tested his NAUTILUS ; experimented with mines ; and devised a scheme to use steamboats to ferry Napoleon’s invasion army across the English Channel. The French rejected his inventions and so he returned to England with his ideas. Here he concentrated on mine warfare and gained success when two experimental minelaying raids against the French fleet destroying a large vessel. In 1806 Fulton returned to America where he developed the moored mine for harbour defence and worked on a large semi-submarine called MUTE. The author describes Fulton’s remarkable career. THE LIFE & WORKS IN NAVAL WARFARE OF ROBERT FULTON.